Small infantry forts camouflaged as charming dwellings with painted trompe-l’œil
windows, the Villa Rose and Villa Verte are the only examples of their kind in the
country. The Villa Rose is a strongpoint in the line of defence protecting the route
suisse, the main road from Geneva until 1964. The Villa Verte was designed to
accommodate two “Mitrailleuse 11” (1911) machine guns, a commander and five
soldiers. Quarters for the exterior guards are located in the roof area. Classified as
secret defence installations until 1995, the bunker-villas are unknown to the public
and do not appear on maps until that year. They have been listed as a Grade 2
architectural site by the Canton of Vaud. The Villa Rose is now a museum, recreating
the fort as it was in 1940.

The “toblerones” were built from 1940 onwards. Tetrahedrons are the most numerous shape.
They were made by first placing a reinforcing bar mesh in a wooden mould and then pouring
concrete in from the narrow end.

The fort is an important element in a local defence line. It provides effective protection for the
troops and infantry weapons. Its location in the terrain allows it to cover roads and nearby
forts.

 

 

Fortification Villa Rose
Route suisse 6
1196 Gland
www.toblerones.ch
info@toblerones.ch
Journées portes ouvertes régulières et visites sur demande.

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